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Loss of biodiversity. We are in the midst of a mass extinction of plants and animals caused by human activity. A million species are threatened by extinction within the next few decades. The degradation of nature threatens the well-being of hundreds of millions of people and will also cause annual economic losses measured in hundreds of billions of euros. Biodiversity loss can be slowed by reducing pressures on nature (land and sea use, climate change, pollution, resource utilization and invasive species) and by managing, restoring and conserving habitats. Biodiversity loss and ecosystem collapse refer to the decline in the variety of plant and animal life in the world, as well as the deterioration of the ecosystems that support them. This can be caused by a variety of human activities, such as deforestation, habitat destruction, overfishing, pollution, and climate change. Biodiversity loss and ecosystem collapse can have a number of negative consequences for both the environment and human well-being. It can lead to the extinction of species, the loss of valuable ecosystem services such as pollination and pest control, and the decline of entire ecosystems. It also can affect the availability of food, water, and medicine for human populations, as well as threaten cultural and spiritual values. To address this challenge, it is important to implement policies and practices that promote conservation and sustainable use of natural resources, such as protected areas, sustainable forestry and fisheries, and climate change mitigation and adaptation. International organizations and governments play a crucial role in addressing the issue of biodiversity loss and ecosystem collapse by creating and enforcing policies and agreements such as the Convention on Biological Diversity and the Paris Agreement. It's also important for individuals, businesses, and communities to take action to reduce their impact on the environment and to support conservation and sustainable development efforts. This can include actions such as reducing consumption, supporting sustainable agriculture and fishing, and investing in renewable energy.

Biodiversity loss and ecosystem collapse


Anthropogenic Environmental Damage