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Hydrogen production refers to the industrial processes involved in generating hydrogen gas. Presently, most hydrogen is produced from fossil fuels by the steam reforming of natural gas, partial oxidation of methane, and coal gasification. Other methods include biomass gasification, methane pyrolysis, and electrolysis of water. The main challenge in hydrogen production remains the high cost of production. Most of the hydrogen produced in the world today is from fossil fuels, which causes carbon emissions. To establish a hydrogen economy, it’s vital to develop affordable methods of mass-producing hydrogen and implement measures like using renewable energy and carbon capture systems to produce hydrogen sustainably. Reducing the cost of hydrogen production. The cost of “green” hydrogen production, using renewable energies, is still high. Efforts to make the process less expensive, more efficient, and less energy-intensive have made significant progress: The startup Advanced Ionics achieves up to 50% energy savings by amending the process with steam instead of water and non-ceramic materials that work at lower temperatures. Researchers in Singapore found that light can increase efficiencies, and a team at Oregon State University created a new catalyst that led to similar performance improvement.

Hydrogen Production