The news industry is transforming under several constraints, and is being especially driven by economic models and digital technology. Media is one of the cornerstones of every democratic society. Through investigative journalism, the media requires the transparency and accountability of the government. It is often referred to as a ‘watchdog’ of democracy and fourth estate. The functions of media are to inform, educate, entertain, socialise. The news industry is transforming under several constraints, economic models and digital technology. The role of traditional media and journalism is changing, with more pressure on journalists to produce news quickly and to focus more on soft (entertainment/infotainment) than on hard (political affairs) news, thus leaving little space for investigative journalism. The 24h news cycle puts requirements on journalists to search quickly for information to publish, sometimes without verification. Digital platforms represent an additional pressure, taking away the traditional source of income via advertising. There is an increasing need for democratic governments to support quality media production.
Media under pressure
Increasing influence of new governing systems