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What makes some societies more peaceful, resilient, and capable of responding effectively to conflict and crisis than others? Though we are still searching for clear and convincing answers to this question, we do know that peace is more than simply the absence of violence - truly peaceful societies tend to have the necessary institutions, norms, and values in place to resolve problems in non-violent ways that are generally deemed fair. They are also marked by an absence of violent rhetoric in their public and political spheres, and are often able not only to bounce back from disasters like the COVID-19 pandemic, but to constructively adapt and transform in response. Most young people are in the parts of the world most prone to conflict and violence. A shared security architecture is a necessary check on proxy conflicts and populist movements. There are examples of transitional justice mechanisms providing a path to reconciliation in war-torn countries. Funding to address conflict with humanitarian aid falls well short of what is needed. Most peacebuilding efforts have only managed to achieve a temporary cessation of conflict. Two-thirds of the world’s extreme poor will live in conflict-affected areas by the year 2030. Communities with strong ‘horizontal’ ties are more likely to rebuild after a disaster than emigrate. Without local ownership, any peace process is likely to eventually crumble.

Peace and Resilience

KEY TRENDS

Peace and Resilience